Exploration of Jerusalem

 

Some of the important sites in Jerusalem:

It is highly recommended that you save yourself a couple of hours for strolling in the alleys of the Old City in Jerusalem, where you can simply enjoy the atmosphere even without doing anything special, taking in the sights, sounds and smells of this unique site.

 

Markets

Jerusalem is full of many different kinds of markets, whether it be inside the Old City (such as the Arab suk in the Muslim Quarter) or in the new, Western part of the city (like the Mahane Yehuda market). Another commercial area of particular interest where you can pleasantly pass an afternoon is the promenade of Ben Yehuda at the City Center.

 

Mount of Olives

This mountain is of great significance to all three of the monotheistic religions, but most of all it carries a special meaning for Christianity. During the Holy Week, it was from this spot that Jesus has passed on, going up to heaven. Another point of interest is that the most important Jewish cemetery in the world can be found here. If all that's not enough, well, we've yet to start discussing the site's importance in connection with the arrival of the messiah. Putting all that aside, there's the amazing overview of the Old City and Temple Mount, epic in its panoramic sights, the likes of which cannot be found anywhere else.

 

 

 

 

The Western Wall (Hakotel):

This is the holiest Jewish place in the world. It is the very last remainder from the Second Temple, standing here for two thousand years, all through the history of the Land of Israel.

 

The Western Wall Tunnels

This site offers you the possibility of walking down a two thousand year old street that has been preserved in the exact form it had back in Great Herod's time. It is therefore highly recommended!

 

City of David

Not only is this place the most excavated one on the planet, but its great archeology excavations also reveal, right in front of us, people's daily life as it used to be three thousand years ago. Make sure to see the Warren shaft, the water system at Hezekiah's Tunnel, The main street and the big, two thousand years old Silwan Pool.

 

The Garden of Gethsemane

This garden, of the site known in Hebrew as Gat Shmanim (the Olive oil press), is where Jesus had spent his final hours with his apostles, just after the last supper, before he was caught and arrested by people.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Via Dolorosa

Here you can see walk thru the fourteen Stations of the Cross along the path of agony which Jesus Christ walked from the site of his trial to the Calvary (the Golgotha - where Jesus was crucified), and the Holy Sepulchre.

 

The Church of the Holy Sepulchre

For Christians, this is probably the most important place in Jerusalem. The Church is believed to have been built over the location where the cross was found, the one on which Jesus was crucified. The Golgotha (the Calvary) and the Tomb of Jesus are both here as well. This is the holiest and most important Christian church in the world.

 

 

 

Yad Vashem Museum

This is Israel's national Holocaust museum and it was purposely erected in Jerusalem, the capital of the State of Israel.

Under the motto that we should remember and never forget, the museum commemorates the six million Jewish victims which had been murdered by the Nazis and their assistants during the Second World War.

 

The Israel Museum & the Dead Sea Scrolls at the Shrine of the Book

Simply being in the presence of the famous, two thousand year old inscriptions which were written by the Essenes, before the time of the Great Rebellion against the Romans, is quite the experience. The scrolls were found in the Judea desert back in the 1950's. They are on permanent display in the Israel Museum's specially built Shrine of the Book. This institution, one of the ten biggest museums in the world, is also displaying these days a spectacular exhibition on King Herod, his life (and death).

 

The Haas promenade (also known as the High Commissioner's Promenade or Jaber Mucaba'ar)

Bordering on both the Judea Desert and Ya’ar Ha’Shalom (the Forest of Peace), the site, which was built as three different, yet connected promenades, offers a dazzling panoramic view of Jerusalem from a perspective many visitors might miss out on as it is found off the beaten, touristic path.

 

The Old City

Surrounded by ancient walls, up until 1860, this small area constituted the entire city of Jerusalem. Dating back thousands of years, it continues to contain some of the world's most important religious and historical sites alongside a variety of colorful sights and smells unique to the Middle East.

 

Mount Zion

Offering not only a spectacular view of its surroundings, this mountain is also where some of the world's oldest cemeteries can be found, as well as several sites of historical and religious significance to Jews (like King David's Tomb) and Christians (such as the Dormition Abbey).

 

The Room of the Last Supper

Also known as the Cenacle, this is the site of the Last Supper of Jesus. Believed to have also been the place the disciple met at the Pentecost 50 days after the crucifixion (act, 2). The first church in history.

 

King David's Tomb

Tradition links this site with the final resting place of King David. There is evidence, starting with the time of the medieval Jewish traveler Binyamin of Tudela, back in the 12th century, up to our days, that this is indeed where the tomb of the most important king in Jewish history is.

 

The Jewish Quarter

One of the four traditional quarters of Jerusalem's Old City, it holds both historical and religious importance and among its many impressive sites, the famous Western Wall and beautiful Hurva Synagogue can be found.

 

The Cardo

The fifth avenue of the city, running from North to South, this was the street designed by Romans to be the center of urban and commercial life in many of the cities they've impacted, Jerusalem included. Today, the ancient portion of the Cardo merges with a new and modern shopping area, crossing cultures and time.

 

The Broad Wall

An ancient defensive broad wall which surrounded the western hill of Jerusalem (back when it didn’t have any wall around it), dating back to the times of King Hezekiah and mentioned in the Bible. The wall supplies visitors with an opportunity to learn more about the ways Jerusalem has evolved over its many periods of construction.

 

Nachlaot and the Machne Yehuda Market

A cluster of neighborhoods built from the 1870's onwards for immigrants, Nachlaot is known as a picturesque area in Jerusalem, composed of winding alleys and old styles of building. The partially covered, partially open air market adds another touch of color to this multidimensional area.

 

The Arab Market at the Muslim Quarter

Known as the Suk, this ever lively market offers its visitors a true oriental experience in the invocation of the senses through sights and smells, as well as through the merchandise which is up for sale here and the vendors who are eager to sell and all too willing to haggle over the price.

 

Ram Hill, the Knesset and the Supreme Court

Overlooking the Cross Valley in the western part of Jerusalem, the Ram Hill is where the Knesset, Israel's Parliament, stands alongside its Supreme Court. These buildings are interesting from the point of view of both the function that they service and the symbolic architecture they encompass.

 

 

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OfirTouring@gmail.com
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